Institution TypePublic University
Is there a medical school?Yes
Is this a land-grant institution?Yes
Vivarium DirectorThea Brabb
Program DirectorThea Brabb
Who to ContactGeena Gallardo
AddressDepartment of Comparative Medicine, Box Box 357340, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195

Vivarium Information

Vivarium NameUniversity of Washington
Is the facility AAALAC accredited?Yes
Describe management structureMore than 5 administratively distinct vivaria
Describe the extent to which your facilities are centralizedAnimals housed in 10+ separate locations
Vivarium Square Feet331,151
Summarize the nature of the animal population and the predominant types of clinical activitiesAnnual usages (2019): 850,675 fish, 180,087 mice, 13,325 rats, 2,169 chickens, 1,763 frogs, 597 non-human primates (pigtail, cynomolgous and rhesus macaques, and baboons), 228 rabbits, 481 birds, 169 pigs, 181 ferrets, and smaller numbers (less than a 100 each) cats, dogs, gerbils, geckos, guinea pigs, salamanders and sheep.

Clinical activities include clinical care of spontaneous or research related disease in all the species listed, review and development of research protocols, preventative health care programs, and facility design.
Number of Veterinarians in program34
Number of ACLAM Diplomates in program4
Number of Boarded Pathologists3
Number of Other Boarded Veterinary Specialists1
Number of necropsies/week in the veterinary unit4
Number of surgical cases/week in the veterinary unit4

Training Program Details

Is this program recognized by ACLAM?Yes
Does this program participate in the Veterinary Internship & Residency Matching Program (VIRMP)?Yes
Number of concurrent residents2
How many residents/trainees have completed this program?60+
Of these, how many have subsequently become ACLAM Diplomates?18
In what year did the program accept its first trainee?1982
How many years are required to complete this program (residency only)?2
Is formal coursework offered?Yes
Is a degree program associated with this residency?Yes
If yes, what degree(s)?MS
Which departments most commonly grant degree(s)?Department of Comparative Medicine
Give an overview of this program, describing its particular strengths and any unique aspects that are not addressed in any of the other sectionsThe training program is centered upon specialty training in laboratory animal medicine and science in a setting, which provides interaction with multiple investigative groups at the UW. Rotations include veterinary services (multiple species), pathology services, IACUC, rodent health monitoring program, and research. Rotations may be modified depending upon the trainees’ experience and career goals. The 2000 hours of supervised experience required for the ACLAM training program will be completed in the first year of this program. The second year of the program will consist of continued service effort (in the form of advanced rotations), and research effort for our clinical trainees.

As part of the research effort, trainees may choose to enter the Department of Comparative Medicine master’s program. In this case, it will be important that the trainee identify an area of research and a research mentor before the end of year one. Once the trainee has identified an area of research and a research mentor, the Graduate Research Committee is formed to comply with the degree-granting department’s guidelines. If a student decides not to complete an advanced degree, a graduate research committee is still formed to provide guidance during the research phase of their program.

After completion of at least 24 months of training, the course requirements outlined in Didactic Training (section V), and acceptance for publication in a refereed journal of a manuscript suitable for satisfaction of the ACLAM credentialing requirement, a certificate will be provided as evidence of completion of the training program.

The strengths of our training program are many. First, the University of Washington has varied species, primary, secondary and tertiary, and is a large medical school with varied research programs. Second, our training program provides flexibility for students in research opportunities and experiences. We allow them to tailor the program to fit their needs. Third, our trainees have had a high rate of success in passing ACLAM boards as 6/7 individuals who took the ACLAM board exam in the last 6 years passed. Some of our recent trainees will be taking Path boards instead of ACLAM boards. Finally, the greatest strength of our program has been the recruitment of talented veterinarians that want to learn and succeed. Our trainees have truly been an exceptional group of individuals; intelligent, curious, dedicated, and compassionate.

The flexibility that is the strength of the University of Washington training program, can be a weakness if the trainees are not self-motivated or would prefer to work in a program with more structure.
Describe any unique research interests of your facultyThe research interests of our faculty are best explored on our website at:

Broadly, our faculty are interested in animal models of embryology, stem cells, cancer, immunity, autoimmunity, infection, development, and aging.
Give a few literature citations of publications completed by trainees during their tenure in this program

Distinct mechanisms of B and T lymphocyte accumulation generate tumor-draining lymph node hypertrophy.Habenicht LM1Albershardt TC2Iritani BM1Ruddell A3. Oncoimmunology. doi: 10.1080/2162402X.2016.1204505. eCollection 2016 Aug. PMID: 27622075 PMCID: PMC5007965

Fnip1 regulates skeletal muscle fiber type specification, fatigue resistance, and susceptibility to muscular dystrophy.Reyes NL1Banks GB2Tsang M1Margineantu D3Gu H4Djukovic D4Chan J1Torres M1Liggitt HD1Hirenallur-S DK1Hockenbery DM3Raftery D5Iritani BM6. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.  2015 Jan 13;112(2):424-9. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1413021112. Epub 2014 Dec 29. PMID: 25548157 PMCID: PMC4299192

Long-Term Persistence of Anti-HIV Broadly Neutralizing Antibody-Secreting Hematopoietic Cells in Humanized Mice.Kuhlmann AS1Haworth KG1Barber-Axthelm IM1Ironside C1Giese MA1Peterson CW2Kiem HP3. Mol Ther. 2019 Jan 2;27(1):164-177. doi: 10.1016/j.ymthe.2018.09.017. Epub 2018 Sep 27. PMID: 30391142 PMCID: PMC6318702
Where will vacancies be advertised?They are generally not advertised
What month does the program begin?July 1st, or the first Monday of July.

Living and Working

Starting Annual SalaryWe use the NIH scale for resident salary.
To what extent is travel to meetings, etc. paid for?One meeting per year.
Is individual health insurance provided?Yes, through the University of Washington.
Is family health insurance provided?Yes, through the University of Washington.
Describe any fees or tuitionIf resident chooses to obtain a degree, there is options for tuition exemption for up to certain credits.
Describe the residents' responsibilities for night, weekend, and holiday coverageOn average, one week of nights and weekend duty per month. Two holidays per year.
How many annual vacation days are given?21
How many annual sick days are given?12
Briefly describe the communityThe University of Washington is located in Seattle Washington, see link for more details:
Institutional, facility, or training program web site