Institution TypePrivate University
Is there a medical school?Yes
Is this a land-grant institution?No
Vivarium Director
Program DirectorDr. Richard Young, DACLAM
Who to ContactNancy Kock, DVM PhD DACVP
AddressDepartment of Comparative Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, North Carolina    27157-1040  
Phone(336) 713-7389
Fax(336) 713-7395

Vivarium Information

Vivarium Name
Is the facility AAALAC accredited?Yes
Describe management structure2-5 Administratively distinct vivaria
Describe the extent to which your facilities are centralizedAnimals housed in 5+ separate locations
Vivarium Square Feet215,000
Summarize the nature of the animal population and the predominant types of clinical activities3 Distinct Campuses

Wake Forest University Primate Center
~800 cynomologus & rhesus macaques and vervets, pastured small ruminants

Bowman Gray Medical Center Campus
Wide variety of non-human primates, sheep, dogs, cats, pigs, rabbits, and rodents (barrier and conventional housing)

Downtown Campus
Wide variety of non-human primates, small ruminants, dogs, cats, pigs, rabbits, and rodents (barrier housing and conventional housing), ABSL-2 facility
Number of Veterinarians in program23
Number of ACLAM Diplomates in program4
Number of Boarded Pathologists4
Number of Other Boarded Veterinary Specialists0
Number of necropsies/week in the veterinary unit5
Number of surgical cases/week in the veterinary unit5

Training Program Details

Is this program recognized by ACLAM?Yes
Does this program participate in the Veterinary Internship & Residency Matching Program (VIRMP)?Yes
Number of concurrent residents8
How many residents/trainees have completed this program?100
Of these, how many have subsequently become ACLAM Diplomates?40
In what year did the program accept its first trainee?1963
How many years are required to complete this program (residency only)?2
Is formal coursework offered?Yes
Is a degree program associated with this residency?No
If yes, what degree(s)?
Which departments most commonly grant degree(s)?Molecular and Cellular Pathobiology
Give an overview of this program, describing its particular strengths and any unique aspects that are not addressed in any of the other sectionsStrengths
Overall strengths of the WFUSM LAM Training Program include its emphasis on: 1.) Flexibility- allowing trainees and faculty mentors to develop programs of training that meet the specific goals and interests of each trainee 2.) Research training- providing trainees with the tools necessary to write successful grant applications (for research and/or facility improvement projects), and 3.) Interaction with veterinary colleagues of varied backgrounds and interests, exposing trainees to many carreer opportunities available within the field of Laboratory Animal and Comparative Medicine.

Specific strengths related to statements in the ACLAM Role Deliniation Document include the provision in specialized training relating to the performance of all domains and their associated tasks. Particularly noteworthy are the Program's strong emphasis on gross and microscopic pathology (Domain 1, TT 1.8), and the design and conduct of research (Domain 3, TT3.9). In addition, WFU's large non-human primate population provides trainees with exposure to these unique animal models and the complex husbandry, facility design, veterinary care, occupational health, IACUC, security, and public relations issues that accompany their use in research (Domains 1-6).
Describe any unique research interests of your facultyAll elements of LAM training will be conducted at Wake Forest University (WFU). WFU, founded in 1834 and located in Winston-Salem, NC, is a private, co-educational university consisting of five schools, including Wake Forest University School of Medicine (WFUSM).
WFUSM has 31 academic departments, 831 full-time faculty, and nearly 4,000 employees. Its annual budget is approximately $756 million, of wich $190 million (total costs) is derived from research grants and contracts.

Areas of research emphasis include cardiovascular disease, neuroscience, cancer biology, substance abuse, women's health, diabetes, infectious diseases, regenerative medicine, and aging.
Give a few literature citations of publications completed by trainees during their tenure in this programPlease contact Dr. Nancy Kock.
Where will vacancies be advertised?JAVMA, COMPMED electronic bulletin
What month does the program begin?July, but flexible

Living and Working

Starting Annual Salary$37,000
To what extent is travel to meetings, etc. paid for?One meeting per year with poster or journal article presentation
Is individual health insurance provided?Yes
Is family health insurance provided?No
Describe any fees or tuitionNone
Describe the residents' responsibilities for night, weekend, and holiday coverageTo clarify above responses:
Both individual and family health insurance are available and vary based on pay plan

The night, weekend, and holiday coverage responsibilities are shared among 6 veterinarians on a rotating schedule.
How many annual vacation days are given?10
How many annual sick days are given?10
Briefly describe the communityWinston-Salem, NC is home to about 186,000 people whom enjoy its moderate climate and year-round outdoor activities. The Blue Ridge Mountains are only an hour's drive away, while the beaches of the Atlantic Ocean are just an afternoon's drive away. Winston-Salem and the surrounding Piedmont Triad area rank high in national surveys of desirability and career opportunities. A wide variety of cultural activities rounds out life in this historically rich region.
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